A Descriptive Study to Know the Efficacy of Transcendental Meditation among Meditators Trained in Transcendental Meditation Centre, Mahirishi Garden at Chetpet, Chennai

 

 E. Kannagi1, S. Rajalakshmi2

1Professor, Department of Child Health Nursing, PhD Scholar,

Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai.

2Principal, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,

Sri Lakshmi Narayana College of Nursing, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: kannagi.sk06@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Humans are inherently social creatures, deeply influenced by the psychological environments within their communities. However, research on its efficacy in an Indian context remains limited. Therefore, there's a pressing need to investigate how Transcendental Meditation affects both physical and psychosocial aspects specific to the Indian populace. This exploration could shed light on its potential as a powerful tool for mitigating stress and enhancing well-being in the unique socio-cultural landscape of India.

 

KEYWORDS: Transcendental, Meditation, Transcendental.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

The modern human experience often pulls us away from the natural rhythms and balance that our bodies and minds crave. While adhering to the laws of nature seems straightforward, the complexities of contemporary life introduce stress, anxiety, and tension that disconnect us from our innate state of equilibrium. Transcendental Meditation, often seen as a relaxation tool, encompasses far more than mere stress relief. Practitioners of Transcendental Meditation notice its profound impacts beyond relaxation. It catalyzes a holistic transformation—physical well-being improves, mental faculties sharpen, relationships flourish, and life gains a positive trajectory. Initially perceived as a remedy for stress, its effects ripple across every facet of existence. By delving into this practice, individuals tap into a deeper connection with themselves and the universe, harmonizing with the fundamental laws of nature.

 

Transcendental Meditation becomes a conduit for personal growth, enriching life on multiple levels beyond the surface calmness it initially promises.

 

NEED FOR THE STUDY:

Humans are inherently social creatures, deeply influenced by the psychological environments within their communities. Living amidst a complex web of relationships, individuals often encounter disharmony and conflicting attitudes, leading to stress, anxiety, hostility, and depression. Moreover, modern society imposes substantial demands, intensifying this stress. Seeking solace, individuals turn to various sources-religious figures, psychiatrists, counselors, psychologists, and social workers-often recommending relaxation techniques to enhance coping mechanisms. Among these, meditation stands out, particularly Transcendental Meditation, which has gained global acceptance. While numerous studies exist on Transcendental Meditation, they predominantly originate from Western countries. However, research on its efficacy in an Indian context remains limited. Therefore, there's a pressing need to investigate how Transcendental Meditation affects both physical and psychosocial aspects specific to the Indian populace. This exploration could shed light on its potential as a powerful tool for mitigating stress and enhancing well-being in the unique socio-cultural landscape of India.

 

OBJECTIVES:

·       To understand the efficacy of meditation on social aspect.

·       To analyze the efficacy of Transcendental Meditation on physical aspects.

·       To assess the efficacy of Transcendental Meditation on mental health.

 

METHODOLOGY:

Research Design:

The research design selected for this study was descriptive design.

 Population:

The population of the study was meditators at Transcendental Meditation Center, Chetpet, Chennai.

Sample:

A sample of 37 meditators were selected for the study.

Sampling Technique:

Sampling technique adopted for the study was convenient sampling technique.

 

CRITERIA FOR SAMPLING SELECTION:

Inclusion Criteria:

·       The meditators who have been participating atleast for past six months.

·       They should be regular meditators.

·       They should be twenty one years and above.

·       Those who are willing to share their experience.

·       Those who are available during the period of data collection.

Exclusion Criteria:

·       The meditators should not be regular.

·       Those who are below twenty one years.

·       Those who are not willing to participate.

 

DESCRIPTION OF THE INSTRUMENTS:

The instrument consists of two parts:

PART-1: DEMOGRAPHIC DATA:

Socio demographic variables of meditator includes age, sex, education status, occupational status, income, family type, caste and religion.

 

PART-2:

This includes general aspects of respondents and physical, mental and social health related to meditation.

 

SCORING INTERPRETATION:

Score

Regularity in Transcedenatal Meditation Practice

Below 50%

Not regular

51-75%

Moderately regular

Above 75%

Regular

 

RELIABILITY OF THE TOOL:

The invigilator checked the reliability of the tool was elicited by inter-rater reliability.

The tool was moderately reliable.

 

FINDINGS OF THE STUDY:

·       High percentage of 90% of the meditators practice Transcendental Meditation regularly.

·       Most of the respondent experience physical rest during the practice of Transcendental Meditation.

·       A various majority of meditators feel that tension is reduced.

·       The high number of respondent (49%) started meditations from improving mental status.

·       A high respondent (32%) start meditations for improving spiritual status.

 

RESULTS:

Descriptive studies on Transcendental Meditation and other similar methods are scarce in India compared to the West, despite India being the birthplace of many meditation techniques. About 90% of meditators in India maintain a regular practice. No other culture offers such potent techniques for mastering the mind. This study encompasses the social and demographic profiles of meditators, aiming to understand their backgrounds. The initiation period for Transcendental Meditation in this study spans from six months to ten years.

 

CONCLUSION:

Transcendental Meditation understood that meditation improves health, control emotional problems, brings about mental peace and serves the spiritual purpose.  This awareness will lead the nurse to educate and motivate the patient regarding meditation to improve the physical as well as mental health. This drugless and safe practice will be useful to preventive and therapeutic technique.

 

REFERENCE:

1.      Frew D.R. Transcendental Meditation and Productivity. Academy of Management Journal. 1974; 17: 362-368.

2.      Ferguson P.C and Gowan J.C. Physiological findings on Transcendental Meditation. Journals of Humanistic Psychology.

3.      Hjelle L.A. Transcendental Meditation and psychological Health Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1974; 623-628.

4.      Maccullan MJ. Transcendental Meditation Program and Creativity. Vol. I, Scientific Research on Transcendental Meditation. 1974.

5.      Maciver RM Society. A Textbook of Sociology. New York, Farrar Rincheart. 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

Received on 02.01.2024         Modified on 27.01.2024

Accepted on 13.02.2024       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

A and V Pub J. of Nursing and Medical Res. 2024; 3(1):35-36.

DOI: 10.52711/jnmr.2024.07