A Descriptive Study to Assess the Level of Knowledge regarding Motivational behaviour among Urban Parents towards Their Adolescent  children in Academic Performance

 

Vidhya Rani, A. Mary Grace

Sir Madanlal Institute of Nursing and Paramedical, Etawah, UP – 206001.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: vidhyavidhu1986@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Parental involvement and genuine interest in an adolescents school life has a significant influence on this academic performance and ability to focus and efficiently manage homework. Brown and Lyengas (2008) noted that adolescents who look parental acceptance, behavioural supervision and psychological autonomy start out at a disadvantage by lacking vital skills needed to he academically successful. Adolescents gain and build upon values and academic goals based on those of parents.The purpose of this research was to analyse how presented involvement of presenting styles influencing adolescents academic performance,  Objectives are to assess the level of knowledge regarding motivation behaviour among urban parents towards their adolescents children, to find out the association between the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among urban parents towards their adolescent’s children with selected demographic variables.. A descriptive design was adopted to assess the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among the urban parents towards their adolescent children in academic performance. The findings were that the level of motivational behaviour among parents revealed that 7% of women had adequate knowledge 90% of women had moderate knowledge 3% of women had inadequate knowledge.

 

KEYWORDS: Adolescent, Motivational behaviour, Urban parents, Academic performance.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Motives acts as the immediate force to energize, direct, sustain and stop a behaviour. Motives as a powerful tool for explaining behaviour. It helps in many different situations. It also not tells us exactly what will happen they give us an idea about the range of thing and person will do. The peer group plays an essential role in adolescent identity formation. Teenager take their cues on appearance social behaviour and language from the peer group. The peer group serves as a safe haven as adolescents emotionally move away from the family and struggle to determine who they are.

 

 

Globally about 51% of school going age have never entered school. A further 19% have attended but left school and the remaining 30% are expected to enter school in the future (UNESCO, 2010) in 2009. In 2009 46 countries had more than 1,00,000 out of school children between 2003 – 2016 average of 25% of all children were out of school in 31 out of the 46 countries.

 

Education is one of the most important factor of an adolescent life so need to create the important of motivation of parents to their adolescent children.

 

OBJECTIVES:

·      To assess the level of knowledge regarding motivation behaviour among urban parents towards their adolescents children.

·      To find out the association between the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among urban parents towards their adolescent’s children with selected demographic variables.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

H1: There is a significant association between the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among the urban parents towards their adolescents children in academic performance and their selected demographic variables.

 

Research design:

A descriptive design was adopted to assess the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among the urban parents towards their adolescent children in academic performance

 

Description of the tool:

The instrument used for data collection structured knowledge questionnaire was developed based on objectives of study and through review of literature.

Part I This consist of demographic data which include age, sex, type of family, occupation, religion, family income.

Part II It consists of 20 multiple choice questions which is prepared to assess the knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among the urban parents towards their adolescent children in academic performance.

 

Data collection:

The urban parents who fit into the selection criteria were selected by convenient sampling techniques. The questionnaire was applied on 30 sample subjects.

 

All the subjects were very much co-operative and the investigator expressed her gratitude for their cooperation. Consent was obtained from each subject and reassurance was provided that the collected data would be kept confidential for each subject the time to complete the interviews is about 15 minutes.

 

Plan data analysis:

The data were analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics frequency, percentage and graphical presentation were used to present demographic profile.

 

Descriptive Statistics:

Frequency and percentage distribution were used to analyse the demographic variables and the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among urban parents towards their adolescent children in academic performance.

 

Inferential Statistics:

Chi-Square test was used to determine the association between level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among urban parent towards their adolescent children in academic performance and selected demographic variables such as age, sex, type of family, religion, education, occupation, family income.

 

Analysis and Interpretation:

Table 1: Frequency and percentage distribution of subject according to demographic variables.                                   N= (30)

S.No.

Demographic Variables

Frequency

Percentage

F

%

1

Age (Years)

 

 

 

a) 20 -30

3

10

 

b) 21 – 40

19

63

 

c) 41 – 50

8

27

 

d) 51

0

0

2

Sex

 

 

 

a) Male

7

23

 

b) Female

23

77

3

Number of children

 

 

a) 1

10

33

 

b) 2

17

57

 

c) 3

3

10

 

d) above 3

0

0

4

Type of family

 

 

 

a) Nuclear

25

83

 

b) Joint

5

17

5

Occupation

 

 

 

a) Office workers

2

7

 

b) Coolie

15

50

 

c) Farmer

4

13

 

d) Others

9

30

6

Income (per month)

 

 

 

a) Less thanRs. 10,000

20

67

 

b) Rs.11,000 –  Rs.20,000

7

23

 

c) Above Rs.20,000

3

10

7

Religion

 

a) Hindu

13

43

 

b) Christian

5

17

 

c) Muslim

12

40

 

Table 2: Frequency and percentage distribution of level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among the urban parents.

Score

Frequency (F)

Percentage (%)

Adequate

Moderate

Inadequate

2

27

1

7

90

3

 

The data presented in the table 2 shows that 7% of women had adequate knowledge regarding level of motivational behaviour, 90% of women had moderate knowledge regarding level of motivational behaviour and 3% women had inadequate knowledge level of motivational behaviour.

 

Table 3: Depicts the association between level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among parents towards there adolescents children academic performance with selected demographic variablesResult predicts that the there is a significant association of level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among parents towards there adolescents children with one of the selected demographic variable that is  sex<0.05 level.

 


 

Table 3: Association of the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among the parents.                                       N = 30

S. No.

Demographic Variables

Level of knowledge

X2 value

Significant

Adequate

Moderate adequate

Inadequate

1

Age (Years)

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) 20 -30

0

3

0

 

 

 

b) 21 – 40

0

18

0

3.33

9.49

 

c) 41 – 50

1

6

1

 

NS

2

Sex

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) Male

12

4

1

7.94

5.99

 

b) Female

1

22

0

 

S

3

Number of children

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) 1

1

9

0

 

 

 

b) 2

1

15

1

1.014

9.49

 

c) 3

0

3

0

 

NS

 

d) above 3

0

0

0

 

 

4

Type of family

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) Nuclear

1

23

1

2.18

5.99

 

b) Joint

1

4

0

 

NS

5

Occupation

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) Office workers

1

1

0

 

 

 

b) Coolie

2

12

1

6.304

12.59

 

c) Farmer

0

4

0

 

NS

 

d) Others

0

9

0

 

 

6

Income (per month)

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) Less than Rs. 10,000

1

25

1

 

 

 

b) Rs.11,000 –  Rs.20,000

1

2

0

3.87

5.99

 

c) Above Rs.20,000

0

0

0

 

NS

 

d) 0

0

0

0

 

 

7

Religion

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) Hindu

1

12

0

1.966

9.49

 

b) Christian

0

5

0

 

NS

c) Muslim

1

10

1

 

 

 


MAJOR FINDING OF THE STUDY:

With regard to age out of thirty samples 19(63) were between 21-40 years and 8(27) were between 41 – 50 years and 3(10) were 20 – 30 years.

With regard to sex out of thirty samples 23(77) were female and 7(23) were male.

With regard to number of children out of thirty samples 17(57) have 2 children and 10(33) have one children and 3(10) have three children.

With regard to type of family out of thirty samples 25 (33) nuclear family and 5(17) joint family.

With regard to occupation out of thirty samples 15(50) collie worker and 4(13) farmers and 2(7) office worker and 9(30) other workers.

With regard to income out of thirty samples 13(43) were Hindu  5(17) were Christian 12(40) were Muslim.

 

To assess the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among parents towards their adolescent children in academic performance

The finding should that the level of motivational behaviour among parents revealed that 7% of women had adequate knowledge 90% of women had moderate knowledge 3% of women had inadequate knowledge.

 

To find out the association between the levels of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among parents towards adolescent children in academic performance with selected demographic variables.

With regard to association between the level of motivational behaviour regarding parents towards adolescent children in academic performance with selected demographic variables. The calculated Chi-Square value was 9.49, 5.99, 9.49, 5.99. 12.59, 5.99, 9.49 respectively which should there was no association between the age, sex, number of children, type of family, income, religion, occupation at P<0.05 level.

 

CONCLUSION:

From the result of the study it was concluded that assess the level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among parents towards their adolescents children in academic performance that result revealed that majority of parents 90% have moderate knowledge (27parents), 7% have adequate knowledge (2 parents), 3% have inadequate knowledge (1 parent) so investigator collected that the parents most have the moderate level of knowledge regarding motivational behaviour among the parents towards their adolescents children in academic performance.

 

RECOMMENDATIONS:

The study to recommends the following future research,

1)    Similar kind of study can be conducted to a large group to generalize the findings.

2)    Research is a never ending process of adequate may enhance a result on its completion.

3)    Women need to attend many classes related to promotion of educational performance and reduce the illiteracy rate in their adolescent children.

4)    Some study can be done as comparative study in different setting.

 

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Received on 13.06.2023        Modified on 11.08.2023

Accepted on 17.10.2023       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

A and V Pub J. of Nursing and Medical Res. 2023; 2(4):109-112.

DOI: 10.52711/jnmr.2023.28