Impact of Job Satisfaction on Quality of Work Life among Nursing Officers during Covid-19 Pandemic

 

Annam P.1, Sivagami R2

1Professor, Karpagam Nursing College, Coimbatore.

2Assistant Professor, Karpagam Nursing College, Coimbatore.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: reeveannam@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

The present study investigated the impact of job satisfaction on quality of work-life among nursing officers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu. A quantitative research approach with a non-experimental descriptive survey research design was used in this study. A total of 60 Nursing officers were participated in the study by using the non-probability purposive sampling technique. The data collection instruments were socio-demographic data, quality of work-life assessment scale & Job satisfaction assessment scale. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. The current study reveals that there is a significant correlation between the quality of work-life & job satisfaction.

 

KEYWORDS: Job satisfaction, Quality of work life, Nursing officers.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines job satisfaction as “a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one's job or job experiences.” Job satisfaction can be assessed at the global level or at the individual level.1

 

Multiple factors can influence job satisfaction of a person. These factors may be in the form of the salary, other financial benefits, transparency of promotion within the organization, the working environment, social relationships, and group dynamics.2

 

Job satisfaction among nurses is an indicator of the excellent working environment and health care system. Job satisfaction is an important part of the nurse's lives that can significantly affect patient safety, performance,

and productivity and quality of care to the patient and commitment to the job as well as organization.2,6 Role stress, in particular, work overload, has been reported as one of the main reasons for nurses leaving the workforce.6

 

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

Effective and high-quality health care is a cornerstone of societal welfare. Because health care work is staff-intensive, the health and well-being of the health care professionals is essential for the ability of health care organizations to provide high-quality care with optimal resource utilization.3 Registered nurses are fundamental for the provision of high-quality health care at the care units and their work is highly demanding. They participate in the development of the care regimens and are vital for their implementation; they continuously monitor patients' conditions and provide essential information to physicians and other professionals in the care team; and their work is often stressful, with high cognitive and emotional demands.4

 

The COVID-19 pandemic immensely increased the demands on health care organizations globally, affecting managers and staff at all levels. Nurses were at the care frontline during the COVID-19 pandemic, and their psychological burden and physical exhaustion was severe. Many adverse outcomes associated with poor mental health have been identified among nurses caring for COVID-19 patients, such as high levels of burnout, dysfunctional levels of stress and anxiety, as well as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and insomnia.7

 

The research aim of the present study was to the impact of job satisfaction on quality of work life among Nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic.

 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

A descriptive study to assess the impact of job satisfaction on quality of work life among Nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in selected hospitals of Tamil Nadu.

 

OBJECTIVES:

·      To assess the job satisfaction among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu.

·      To assess the quality of work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu.

·      To assess impact of quality of work life on job satisfaction among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu.

 

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS:

H1: There is a significant correlation between job satisfaction on quality of work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic.

 

METHODOLOGY:

Research Approach: Quantitative research approach.

 

Research design: Non-experimental descriptive survey research design.

 

Population: Nursing officers

 

Sample size: 60 participants.

 

Sampling technique: Non-probability purposive sampling technique.

 

Variables: Independent variable is Job satisfaction and dependent variable is Quality of work life.

 

Description of the tool:

Part A: Socio demographic data

Part B: Job satisfaction assessment tool.

Part C: Quality of work life assessment tool.

 

Data analysis:

Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.

1.    Analysis of sample characteristics such as socio personal data was done by using frequency, distribution and percentage.

2.    The job satisfaction among Nursing officers was analysed using one sample t test.

3.    The quality of work life among Nursing officers was analysed using one sample t test.

4.    The impact of job satisfaction on quality of work life were analysed using Karl Pearson correlations test.

 

MAJOR FINDINGS:

Section 1: Socio personal data of Nursing officers.

Table 1: Frequency distribution and percentage of nursing officers based on age, gender, education and experiences

Sample characteristics

n = 60

F

%

Age in years

 

 

20 – 30

23

38.3

31-40

18

30

41-50

11

18.3

>50

8

13.3

Gender

 

 

Male

17

28.3

Female

43

71.6

Education

 

 

GNM

21

35

B.Sc. Nursing

37

61.6

M.Sc. Nursing

2

3.3

Experiences in years

 

 

<5

26

43.3

5-10

25

41.6

11-15

7

11.6

>15

2

3.3

 

Table 1 shows that 23% of participants were in the age group of 20-30 years and 43% of the participants were female. Majority of the participants are under graduations in nursing. About 26% of the participants have less than 5 years of experience.

 

Section 2: Assessment of job satisfaction & quality work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Table 2: Mean, standard deviation and t value of job satisfaction among nursing faculty during COVID-19 pandemic

 

Mean

SD

T

Job satisfaction

26.04

6.273

1.618

*Significant at 0.05 level

 

Table 2 shows that the mean value of job satisfaction among nursing officers during   COVID-19 pandemic was 26.04. The obtained t value 1.618 was significant at 0.05 level. It is interpreted that nursing officers had moderate level of job satisfaction during COVID-19.

 

 

Table 3: Mean, standard deviation & t value of work life balance among nursing faculty during COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Mean

SD

T

Quality of work life

45.90

7.05

2.273

* Significant at 0.05 level

 

Table 3 shows that the mean value of quality of work life among nursing officers during   COVID-19 pandemic was 45.90. The obtained t value 2.273 was significant at 0.05 level. It is interpreted that nursing officers had moderate level of quality of work life COVID-19.

 

Section 3: Correlation between job satisfaction and quality of work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu.

 

Karl Pearson correlation coefficient test was used to assess the correlation between job satisfaction & quality of work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in selected hospitals of Tamil Nadu.

 

Table 4: Shows that correlation between job satisfaction & quality of work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu.

 

24 hours

R

Job satisfaction

0.16*

0

 *Significant at 0.05 level

 

Table 4 shows that the obtained r values were 0 for job satisfaction and quality of work life which was significant at 0.05 level. It is inferred that there is positive correlation between job satisfaction and quality of work life during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu. That means as the job satisfaction increases & quality of work life also increases.

 

CONCLUSION:

The study conducted to determine the impact of job satisfaction and quality of work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu was a successful completed by the investigator.

 

The job satisfaction has impact on quality of work life among nursing officers during COVID-19 pandemic in Tamil Nadu

 

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6.        Locke, E.A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M.D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (pp.1297-1349). Chicago: Rand McNally

7.        Al Thobaity A, Alshammari F. Nurses on the Frontline against the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Integrative Review. Dubai Medical Journal. 2020:1–6. doi: 10.1159/000509361. PMCID: PMC7490501.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Received on 13.06.2023        Modified on 09.08.2023

Accepted on 24.10.2023       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

A and V Pub J. of Nursing and Medical Res. 2023; 2(4):106-108.

DOI: 10.52711/jnmr.2023.27