A Study to Assess Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge regarding Junk Food among students studying in selected Junior College Aurangabad

 

Purushottam L. Gaikwad1, Minal S. Chaudhari2

1,2M.Sc Nursing in Community Health, Vasantprabha College of Nursing,

Chikhli Road Buldana- 443001 Maharashtra.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: purushottamgaikwad77@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Statement: A study to assess effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding junk food among students studying in selected junior college Aurangabad. Objectives: 1) To assess the pre-test knowledge regarding junk food among junior college student. 2) To development administered structured teaching program regarding on junk food among junior college students. 3) To assess effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding junk food among junior college students. 4) To find out the association between post test knowledge score with selected demographic variables. Methodology: Research Design used in this study is Pre experimental, one group pre test post test design for present study sample size was 40 Junior collage student, Non probability sampling technique was used for data collection. Result: The study proved that mean post test knowledge score 23.025 was greater than the mean Pre test score 12.775 The mean difference between Pre test and post test score was 10.25 paired t knowledge score is paired 't-5.99' *p<0.05 is significant at 0.05 level. Hence research hypothesis H0 and H0. was accepted. This indicates that the STP was effective in increasing the knowledge of junior college students regarding junk food.

 

KEYWORDS: knowledge, Junk Food, Structured teaching program, Junior college students.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Junk food are defined as food that are available usually in the expensive and having less nutrients value. These food contain more calories more Salt have a higher content have a structure fat and contains less iron calcium and dietary fibre. Common junk food is include fast food carbonated drinks, chips, chocolates, globally junk food are popular state and consumption is increasing constantly.1

 

Junk food is the term given to food that is high in calories but low in nutrition content. In adolescents both boy's and girl's undergo several physical and psychological change which make them to become partially responsible for their own health and welfare. Junk food have no or very less nutrition value and irrespective of way they have marketed they are not healthy to consume.  

 

In India even Chinese food sold in road side falls in junk food, because they contains high amount of Mono sodium glutamate which is flavour enhance and this MSG is recognised as health hazards if taken in longer quantity because it causes headache, nausea, weakness, wheezing, edema, Change in heart rate burning sensation and the difficulty in breathing.2

 

Coming to Indian junk food locally called that this mostly include the samosas, kachori, Pani- puri and fried items with various filling within an outer layer made of refined flour.3 Nutrition expert have researched the bad effects of junk food and come to the conclusion that junk food manufacturing companies are fooling the people by showing descriptive advertisement that market show junk food as healthy we must substitute junk food with healthy food like fruits and vegetables4

 

Traditional food have been nearly replaced by food item that can be found in a state of ready to eat in canned from and preserved long time the consumption of such food has picked in developing countries of the world. In south Asian countries there is clear missing trend of such junk food consumption despite established evidence of the Negative impact of junk food is popular among youngster.

 

Fast food consumption is directly related to over Hight and obses a study on America's students shows that 75% of the adult aged 20 to 27 are overweight and they face difficulties to gate ride or the extra wait. It also shows that fast food consumption rate is positively corrected with their fat related dietary behaviour. Also fast food consumption many causes food intolerance due to different health resource food intolerance can result in fatigue.5

 

Food poisoning has been defined by the world health organization as any decrease of an infection or toxic nature caused by or through to be caused by the consumption of food or water.

 

Food is an important part of balanced diet. It is something everyone needs everyday life can be sustained only with adequate nourishment. Man needs food for growth and development and to lead an active and healthy life. Food is an substance usually composed of carbohydrates proteins, fats. And water that can be eaten or drunk by an animal or human for nutrition or pleasure.6

 

PROBLEM STATEMENT:

A study to assess effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding junk food among students studying in selected junior college Aurangabad.

 

OBJECTIVES:

1.    To assess the pretest knowledge regarding junk food among junior college students.

2.    To development administered structured teaching program regarding on junk food among junior college students.

3.    To assess effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding junk food among junior college students.

4.    To find out the association between post test knowledge score with selected demographic variables.  

 

REVIEW OF LITERATURE:

Brezniz.Z, (2009) conducted a survey of what children eat during lunch in nine schools across Jaipur. The study covered 200 children in the age group of 9 to 14 years. It found that 65% of the children junk food and fast food, 43% guzzled aerated drinks along with it. The survey showed that pizza was the most preferred foods among the school children. The study shows that nutritious food is replaced by junk food in school and the children were not aware of healthy eating habits.7

 

Hunger-Free Kids Act (2010) Federal funds are to increase 6 percent per school lunch thanks to this bill. It is expected to cover the higher cost of whole foods and may include the use of healthy vending machines. Replacing junk food with organic alternatives will ensure that kids get at least one nutritious meal per day. Trimming calories and fat from school lunches alone won't cure childhood obesity. Healthy choices need to be made at home as well, but removing junk food from school lunches and vending machines is a good start.8

 

Gerald Weismann, M.D(2008) stated in FASEB Journal that addiction to junk food is true addiction "Junk food engages the same body chemistry as opium, morphine or heroin. Sad to say that junk food during pregnancy turns the kids into junk food junkies." Eating junk food while pregnant changes the development of the opiod signaling pathway in the developing brain. This change results in a higher tolerance for food that is loaded with sugar and fat. Essentially, babies are born "junkitarian." They need to eat higher amounts of fat and sugar in order to feel satisfied.9

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Research Design:

Pre experimental, one group Pre test post test design

 

Target population: Student of Junior college

 

Setting of the study: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru junior college Aurangabad

 

Sampling technique: Non probability convenient sampling technique.

 

Sampling criteria

Inclusion criteria:

·      Who are studying in junior college.

·      Who are available at the time of data collection.

·      Participants of age 15 -19 year.

 

Exclusion criteria:

·      The participants who are not willing to participate.

 

Tools and Methods of Data collection:-

The tools consist of three sections :-

Section A: It is comprised of 15 items seeking information on demographic data such age, sex, residential area, educational status of father, educational status of mother, occupation of father, occupation of mother, family income, type of family, number of children, pocket money, frequency of eating junk food, reason to eat junk food, consuming junk food, previous knowledge regarding junk food .

 

Section B: It consist of 30 structured knowledge questionnaire on junk food.

 

Section C: It comprises of structured teaching programme on junk food

 

Data analysis: The obtained will be analyzed on the basis of objective of their study using descriptive and inferential statistics.

 

RESULT AND DISCUSSION:

This chapter deals with analysis and interpretation of data collected for junior college students for assessment of knowledge regarding junk food. The data was collected from 40 junior college students. The data was organized. collected data tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive statistics, based on the data collected and objective of the study.

 

Pre test and Post test frequency and percentage

In pre test 11(27.5%) students had inadequate knowledge, 24(60%) students had moderate knowledge and 5(12.5%) students had adequate knowledge regarding junk food.

 

In the post test 0(0%) students had inadequate knowledge, 10(25%) students had moderate knowledge and 30(75%) students had adequate knowledge regarding junk food.

 

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the structured teaching program among students studying in junior college. Regarding junk food. In order to achieve the objective of the study one group pre test post test design with evaluating approach was adopted non probability convenient sampling technique was used to select the sample. The data were collected from 40 participants by using structured knowledge questioner. The finding of the study has been discussed with reference to the hypothesis and objective.

 

CONCLUSION:

The incidence of junk food is increase now a day and growing health problems due to lack of knowledge and changing life style. The finding of our study revealed that the awareness and knowledge regarding junk food was poor among junior college students.

 

REFERENCES:

1.     Malik V. S American Journal of Clinical Nutrition .

2.     Guptas The Short Book of Paediatrics, 12th Edition, Published by Jaypee Brothers Company, New Delhi

3.     Manoj Yadav, Textbook of Child Health Nursing, 1st Edition, Published by S. Vikas Brothers.

4.     Gale C Ret, Dietary Patterns in Infancy and Cognitive and Neuropsychological Function in Childhood, Child Psychiatry .

5.     Raj. M. Sundaram, Obesity in Indian Children, Time Trends and Relationship with Hypertension. Nat Med Journal India.

6.     Vartanian LR Effects of Soft Drink Consumption, AM J Public Health.

7.     Neeraja KP. Textbook of Growth and Development for Nursing Students, Published by Elsevier Group.

8.     Parul Dutta, The Textbook of Paediatric Nursing, 2nd Edition  Published by Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi.

9.     Banerjee SR, Community and Social Paediatrics, New Delhi, Jaypee Brothers Company.

 

 

 

 

 

Received on 08.09.2023        Modified on 04.10.2023

Accepted on 05.11.2023       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

A and V Pub J. of Nursing and Medical Res. 2023; 2(4):134-136.

DOI: 10.52711/jnmr.2023.33