Assess the level of academic stress, its physical - psychological health problems and coping strategies among HSC students in selected colleges

 

Mr Alwyn Anil Kale

Associate Professor, Shivai Institute of Nursing (SION), Omerga

District- Osmanabad (Dharashiv), State – Maharashtra.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: alwyn7600@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Abstract – Study to assess the level of academic stress, its physical - psychological health problems and coping strategies among HSC students in selected colleges Objectives – 1. To assess the levels of academic stress, physical- psychological health problems and coping strategies of HSC students. 2. To correlate the levels of academic stress with, physical–psychological health problems and coping strategies of HSC students. 3. To find out the association between levels of academic stress, physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies with selected demographic variables among HSC students. Material and methods – A Non-experimental descriptive design and survey approach was considered the best to assess the level of stress, physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies adopted by second HSC students. Result – 1.  Frequency and Percentage distribution of demographic Variables among HSC Students 2. Frequency and Percentage distribution of Level of Academic stress, Physical-psychological health problems and Coping strategies of second HSC students. 3. Mean, Mean percentage and Standard deviation levels of academic stress, Physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies of second HSC students. 4. Correlation between level of academic stress and physical - psychological health problems and Coping strategies of HSC students. 5.  Association of demographic variables with level of academic stress, Physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies with demographic variables among HSC students Conclusion - The present study assessed the level of academic stress, physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies of HSC students. The result revealed that majority (52%) of the subjects had moderate level of stress, almost half (50.5%) subjects had mild physical-psychological health problems and 70% subjects had adaptive coping strategies. Most of demographic variables have no influence on the level of academic stress, physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies of HSC students but total family income, religion, stream of study and attending private tuition may be a significant factor in determining the level of academic stress, physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies of HSC students.

 

KEYWORDS: Assess, Academic Stress, Physical Health Problems, Psychological Health Problems and Coping Strategies.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Examination stress within the student community is a real cause for worry. We need to and are taking a critical look at it. It is more common than most people realize and is an issue that needs to be addressed urgently; scientific advancement, high educational aspirations and severe competition in academic and professional areas have an impact on the overall development of college students. Especially who belongs to the age group of 16 to 19 years, during this age the adolescents enter into college life from school life. There are several factors which acts as stressors and that leads to the development of problems among sophomores. Stress form an inseparable part of HSC students and certain degree of stress is essential for adequate personality development.

 

Too severe stress or too many stressors may affect the psychic equilibrium, producing maladaptive patterns of behaviour and give rise to behavioural problems. The response syndrome occurs as a result of the organism’s exposure to excessive environmental demands or stresses. The conditions of the social and physical environment operate as stressors to the extent that they exceed on organism’s adaptive resources.

 

REVIEW OF LITERATURE:

1. The review of literature is an integral component of any study of research product it enhances the depth of knowledge and provides a clear understanding regarding a topic or a clear understanding regarding a topic or a research aspect.  According to the chapter the purpose to the literature review is to discover what has already been done about the problems under study, what remains to be done and what methods of other research in the area can be combined to develop knowledge. 1

 

2. Literature review is a key step in the research process. According to Gurns and Groone (1999) the definition of review of literature, is an analysis and synthesis of research sources to generate a picture of what is known about a particular situation and the knowledge gaps that exist in the situation. 3

 

3. A descriptive study was conducted on perceived stress, life events and coping among higher secondary students by National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, India. The study samples were 16-17 year old students recruited from 6 schools (Government/ Private). Totally 80 samples participated in study. The results were: government and private schools showed similar stress perception, though the former tend to have a higher mean score. The scores were significantly higher on avoidance coping (P<0.05). The stepwise regression model showed coping as the independent predictor of perceived stress (R2 = 10%). Students from Government schools had significantly higher scores on avoidance coping and therefore, suitable for a systematic study on chronic stress for early intervention.2

 

4. A descriptive study conducted to know the stressful life events and behavioural problems among pre-university students (HSC) students by University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. The population for the study was selected from Bidar city. Sample consisted of 416 students, comprising of 199 boys and 217 girl students around 8.5% to 9% of the boy students experienced stress always because of the argument between fathers and mothers and fathers and students. About 17.1% of the boy students had experienced stress always because of fathers’ too much pressure on the students to do their best in all the subjects and lastly, the most stressful life event experienced by 19.6% of the students was by the expectation of fathers to follow strict schedule in day today activities by students. Similarly, among girl students, fathers related events had contributed from 1.4% to 18.4% Events such as, the objection of fathers to friendship, criticism of the fathers, negligence of the fathers and strict relation, fathers living away, had contributed to stress always among, 1.4%, to 2.8%, and 5.1% of the girls respectively. 4

 

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Research approach is the most significant part of any research. The appropriate choice of the research approach depends upon the purpose of the research study, which has been undertaken.  A Non-experimental descriptive design and survey approach was considered the best to assess the level of stress, physical-psychological health problems and coping strategies adopted by second HSC students.

 

RESULT:

Part- A: Assess - It comprised of 11 items seeking information on demographic data such as age, gender, medium of prior education, religion, type of family, area of residence, family monthly income, stream of study, father’s education, mother’s education, and attending private tuition.

 

Part- B: Academic Stress Assessment Scale - In the study Assessment of the validity and reliability for a newly developed Stress in Academic Life Scale (SALS)

 

Table1 (a): Blueprint of Academic stress assessment scale.

Sr No.

Factors or areas

Number of items

1

Social support related stress

3

2

Achievement - Motivation related stress

3

3

Curriculum and teaching mode related stress

3

4

Academic ambition related stress

4

5

Self-confidence related stress

3

6

Performance anxiety related stress

4

Total

20

 

Table1 (b): Scoring Criteria for Academic stress assessment scale.

1

2

3

4

5

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Somewhat agree

Agree

Strongly agree

 

Table1 (c): Score interpretation

Sl. No.

Score

Level of stress

1

20 to 40

Normal

2

41 to 60

Mild

3

61 to 80

Moderate

4

81 to 100

Severe

 

Part-C: Physical- Psychological Health Problems

The five point rating scale consists of 27 health problems

 

Table 2 (a): Blueprint of Health problems.

Sr No.

Factors or areas

Number of Items

1

Physical

14

2

Psychological

13

Total

 27

 

Table2 (b): Scoring Criteria for Health problems.

0

1

2

3

4

Never

Seldom

Sometime

Often

Regular

 

Table2 (c): Scoring interpretation of Health problems.

Score

Health problems

 00 27

Nil-(No need of any interventions)

28 – 54

Mild-(Change of life style is needed)

55 81

Moderate-(Change of life styles along with medical interventions)

 82 – 108

 Severe-(Medical interventions are must )

 

Graph 1: Percentage Distribution of HSC Students According to age.

 

Graph 2: Percentage Distribution of HSC Students According to Religion.

 

Graph 3: Percentage Distribution of HSC Students According Area of Residence.

 

REFERENCES:

1.      Biradar gayatri. Stressful life events and behavioural problems among preuniversity students. MSc [Dissertation] Department of human development College of rural home science, Dharwad University of Agricultural Sciences; 2007. Available from: http://etd.uasd.edu/ft/th9576.pdf

2.      All Free Essays: For All College Students Academic. Available from: http://www. allfreeessays.com

3.      Ranjita M, Michelle M. College students academic stress its relation to their anxiety, time management and leisure satisfaction. AJHS. 2000 [winter]. Available from: http://findarticles.com

4.      Ward Struthers, Raymond P. and Verena H. An Examination of the Relationship among Academic Stress, Coping, Motivation, and Performance in College. Research in Higher Education.1973 / 2010; 1 / 51.

5.      All Is Well Helpline. Student Suicides in India - Key Facts; Available from: http://www.alliswellhelpline.org

 

 

 

Received on 03.12.2022         Modified on 23.01.2023

Accepted on 17.02.2023       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

A and V Pub J. of Nursing and Medical Res. 2023; 2(2):29-31.

DOI: 10.52711/jnmr.2023.09