A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structure Teaching Program on Knowledge Regarding covid-19 and Perinatal care of Mother among Nursing Students in selected Nursing Colleges at Mysuru

 

Dr. Lissa J

Asst Professors, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: lissamysore@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of study is to determine the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother among nursing students in selected College at Mysuru. OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students. 1. To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students. 2. To find out association between pre-test knowledge level regarding covid19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students with their selected personal variables. METHODS: In this study, one group is pre-test and post-test, pre-experimental design was used and purposive sampling technique was adopted to select nursing students JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru. Pilot study was conducted, the tool and study design were found to be feasible. Data were collected using self-administered knowledge questionaries. structured teaching programme were given to nursing students. The Data were collected and analyses using descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULT: The result of study reveals that the that 27(90%) Nursing students are in the age group of 20-23 years and 03(10%) Nursing students are in the group of 24-26 years and the 16(53.4%) having previous source of information from MassMedia, and 10(33.3%) having previous source of information from teaching and 4(13.3%)  not having previous source of information. In pre-test majority 46.7% of them have average knowledge, 43.3%were have good knowledge and 10% of them have poor knowledge were as in the post-test 36.67% of them have average knowledge and 63.33% of them have good knowledge and none of them have poor knowledge in post-test. The significance of difference between the mean pre-test and post-test scores which was statistically tested using paired ‘t’ test. The mean difference between the mean pre-test and mean post-test knowledge scores was 2.9 with standard deviation difference+/-1.594. The paired “t” test (29) 3.53*which was found to be significant at 0.05 level of significance. The result also shows that the knowledge score of Nursing students had no association with selected personnel variable accept previous knowledge regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother. CONCLUSION: Therefore, the study concluded that the administration of structured teaching programme was an effective method of improve the knowledge of Nursing students regarding covid19 and perinatal care of mother.

 

KEYWORDS: Knowledge, COVID19, perinatal care of mother and nursing students.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

“Being a mama isn’t an easy job, but it is definitely the best job anyone could ever have”

Corona viruses derive their name from the Latin word “corona” meaning crown. The name refers to the unique appearance of the virus under an electron microscope as round particles with a rim of projections resembling the solar corona. Corona viruses are enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses which were first isolated from humans in 1965. Corona virus belongs in humans. In recent times, there have been three major corona viruses leading to disease outbreaks, beginning with the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus(SARS-COVID-19)in 2002, followed by the middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus(MERS-COVID-19) in 2012, and the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2( SARS-COVID-19).1

 

The corona virus disease (COVID-19), was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan city, China, and later spread to many provinces in China. The out break of COVID-19 in several countries is similar to the previous outbreaks of SARS and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) that emerged in 2003 and 2012 in China and Saudi Arabia, respectively.2

 

STATEMENT:

A study to assess the effectiveness of structure teaching program on knowledge regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students in selected Nursing Colleges at Mysuru

 

OBJECTIVES:

1.     To assess the knowledge regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students.

2.     To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students.

3.     To find out association between pre-test knowledge level regarding covid-19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students with their personal variables.

 

NEED FOR THE STUDY:

The Covid-19 pandemic affects maternal health both directly and indirectly, and direct and indirect effects are intertwined. To provide a comprehensive overview on this broad topic in a rapid format behaving an emergent pandemic we conducted a scoping review. Health care service providers are work to augment efforts to protect the public from the impact of pandemic events.

 

The coronavirus is a respiratory virus spreads primarily through infected droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose. To protect yourself, clean your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.3

 

Pregnant women are at slightly increased risk of becoming severely unwell if the perinatal mother infected with covid19, and are more likely to have pregnancy complications like preterm birth or stillbirth.4

The cohort study was conducted in India from March to October 2020. A total of 706 pregnant women with COVID-19 diagnosis and 1424 pregnant women without COVID-19 diagnosis were enrolled, Overweight early in pregnancy occurred in 323 women (48.6%) with COVID-19 diagnosis and 554 women (40.2%) without. Women with COVID-19 diagnosis were at higher risk for preeclampsia/eclampsia (relative risk1.76; 95%) severe infections (RR, 3.38; 95%), intensive care unit admission (RR, 5.04; 95%), maternal mortality (RR, 22.3; 95%), preterm birth (RR, 1.59; 95%), medically indicated preterm birth (RR, 1.97; 95%), severe neonatal morbidity index (RR, 2.66; 95%), and severe perinatal morbidity and mortality index (RR, 2.14; 95%).5

 

HYPOTHESIS:

H1:- There will be a significant difference between the mean pre-test and post-test knowledge score regarding covid19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students.

 

H2:- There will be a significant association between level of pre-test knowledge score regarding covid19 and perinatal care of mother among Nursing students with their selected personal variable

 

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

Research Approach and Design:

The evaluative approach and Research design selected for the study is per experimental, one group pre-test and post-test design

 

Variables of Study:

Independent variable: Structured teaching programme

Dependent Variable: Knowledge of Nursing students regarding covid19 and perinatal Care of mother.

 

SETTING OF THE STUDY:

In this study the setting was JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru.

 

POPULATION:

Population is the entire aggregation of cases in which the researcher is increases. In the present study population comprises of Nursing students studying in JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru.              

 

SAMPLING TECHNIQUE:

Non probability purposive sampling technique was used in present study.

 

RESULTS:

1. Findings related to selected personal variables of nursing students.

Findings in the present study shows that age group of the nursing students ranges from 20- 26 years. The majority of nursing students 27(90%) are in age group of 20-23 years and 3(10%) nursing students are in the group of 24-26 years. All nursing students are belonging to 4th year BSc nursing and all are posted in OBG ward.

 

The study reveals that most of them have 26(86.7%) previous sources of information regarding covid 19 and perinatal care of mother and 4(13.3%) doesn’t have any previous source of information regarding covid 19 and perinatal care of mother.

 

2. Findings related to comparison of pre-test and post-test knowledge scores regarding covid 19 and perinatal care of mother among nursing students.

 

Table shows that in pre-test majority 46.7% of them have average knowledge ,43.3%were have good knowledge and 10% of them have poor knowledge were as in the post-test 36.67% of them have average knowledge and 63.33% of them have good knowledge and none of them have poor knowledge in post-test.

 

3.Findings related to association level of knowledge of nursing students with their personal variables.

The computed chi-square value for association between pre-test level of knowledge of nursing students was found to be not statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance regarding covid 19 and perinatal care of mother. So, the researcher accepted the null hypothesis.

 

RECOMMENDATIONS:

1.     Large scale study can be conducted to generalize the findings.

2.     A similar study can be conducted by adopting true experimental design.

3.     A comparative study can be conducted on knowledge regarding covid 19 and perinatal care among perinatal women.

4.     A similar survey may be replicated on a large sample for better generalization of result.

 

CONCLUSION:

The findings of present study concluded that the structured teaching programme regarding covid 19 and perinatal care of mother was very effective in increasing knowledge of nursing students at 0.05 level of significance hence the study gave the evidence that structured teaching programme regarding covid 19 and perinatal care of mother can improve knowledge of nursing students and it will help them to update the knowledge.

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:

This a project conducted by Mrs. Shwetha. Mrs. Princy Varghese, Mrs. Roopa M M, Ms.  Minisha Babu, Ms. Poornima. H, 2 Year PB Bsc Nursing students of JSS College of Nursing, Mysore

 

REFERENCES:

1.      Udhaya Kumar S, Thirumal Kumar D, Prabhu Christopher B, and George Priya Doss C. The Rise and impact of COVID-19 in India. International Journal of Medical science November 6, 2020; 370(6517).

2.      Tanu Singhal. A r4eview of Coronavirus disease 2019. International journal march 13 2020; 87(356):5

3.      World Health Organization. Myth busters [Internet]. Who.int. 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters

4.      Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection and pregnancy [Internet]. Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists. Available from: https://www.rcog.org.uk/coronavirus-pregnancy

5.     Villar J, Ariff S, Gunier RB, Thiruvengadam R, Rauch S, Kholin A, et al. Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality Among Pregnant Women with and Without COVID-19 Infection. JAMA Pediatrics [Internet]. 2021 Apr 22

 

 

 

Received on 08.11.2022         Modified on 30.11.2022

Accepted on 18.12.2022       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

A and V Pub J. of Nursing and Medical Res. 2023; 2(1):4-6.

DOI: 10.52711/jnmr.2023.02